FIRE SAFETY IN PUBLIC SPACES

FIRE SAFETY IN PUBLIC SPACES 

We urge people to take the necessary precautions to protect themselves when they’re in public buildings like malls, theatres, Hospitals, and restaurants.

Most people don’t consider fire a significant risk, and complacency is one of the greatest dangers when it comes to fire safety,

No one ever thinks it will happen to them – until it does. Fires can and do happen and people need to be prepared in the event of one.

FIRE SAFETY TIPS FOR ENTERING AND SPENDING TIME IN PUBLIC SPACES.

Before You Enter

  • Take a good look. Does the building appear to be in a condition that makes you feel safe? Is the main entrance wide, and does it open outward to allow easy exit? Is the outside area clear of materials stored against the building or blocking exits?
  • Have a communication plan. Identify a relative or friend to contact in case you are separated from family or friends in an emergency.
  • Plan a meeting place. Pick a meeting place outside to meet family or friends with whom you are attending the function. If there is an emergency, be sure to meet them there.

When You Enter

  • Locate exits immediately. When you enter a building, make sure to identify all available exits. Some exits may be in front and some in back of you. Be prepared to use your closest exit. You may not be able to use the main exit.
  • Check for clear exit paths. Make sure aisles are wide enough and not obstructed by chairs or furniture. Check to make sure your exit door is not blocked or chained. If there are not at least two exits or exit paths are blocked, report the violation to management and leave the building if it is not immediately addressed. Call the local Chief Fire Officer to register a complaint.
  • Do you feel safe? Does the building appear to be overcrowded? Are there fire sources such as candles burning, cigarettes or cigars burning, pyrotechnics, or other heat sources that may make you feel unsafe? Are there safety systems in place such as alternative exits, sprinklers, smoke alarms, emergency lights and public address system? Ask the management for clarification about your concerns. If you do not feel safe in the building, leave immediately.

During an emergency

  • React immediately. If an alarm sounds, you see smoke or fire, or other unusual disturbance, immediately exit the building in an orderly fashion.
  • Get out, stay out! Once you have escaped, stay out. Under no circumstances should you ever go back into a burning building. Let trained fire fighters conduct rescue operations.

( Source: NFPA USA}

 

5 Things You Shouldn’t Do In A Fire Accident

  1. Do not yell anything else….

….but  “FIRE ,FIRE,FIRE “

  1. Never get into a lift when there is a fire

…… Always use the stairs.

  1. Do not run if your clothes catch fire because it will fan the flames …

….. Instead roll on the ground or use a heavy blanket to extinguish them.

  1. If you’re not trained in fire safety, do not shout instructions to those trapped…..

….. You may confuse them, and it may cost a life.

  1. Do not hide in bathrooms during a fire .

….. because if the fire doesn’t kill you, smoke could.

 

IF CAUGHT IN SMOKE

  • Drop to hands and knees and crawl towards the nearest exit.

 

  • Stay low, smoke will rise to ceiling level first.

 

  • Hold your breath as much as possible.

 

  • Breathe through your nose; and

 

  • Use a filter such as a shirt, towel or handkerchief.

Ten Tips for Fire Safety

  1. 1. Crawl low under smoke to your exit: If you have to escape a fire through smoke, crawl low, keeping your head 12 to 24 inches (30 to 60 centimeters) above the floor, where the air is cleaner.
  2. Plan your escape: Make a home escape plan and hold regular fire drills so everyone in your household knows what to do in a fire emergency. When escaping a fire, feel the cracks around doors with the back of your hand before opening them. If they’re warm, try another escape route.
  3. Install smoke alarms: Install smoke alarms on every floor of your home, inside and outside of the bedrooms. Test them once a month, and replace their batteries once a year. Smoke alarms more than ten years old should be replaced.
  4. Be careful with smoking materials: Never smoke in bed or when you’re drowsy or have been drinking or taking medication.
  5. Install an automatic home fire sprinkler system: Automatic fire sprinkler systems control or extinguish fires in less time than it takes for the fire department to arrive. Consider installing a system in your home.
  6. Use electricity safely: Replace damaged electrical cords and repair appliances that smell, smoke or overheat.
  7. Cook safely: Never leave cooking unattended, and keep cooking areas clean and uncluttered.
  8. Space Heaters need space: Keep portable and space heaters at least three feet (one meter) from anything that can burn. Fuel fired space heaters also need a supply of fresh air.
  9. Keep matches and lighters out of sight: Keep matches and lighters away from children, stored up high in a locked cabinet. Don’t become one of those parents who thought “my child would not play with it”.
  10. Stop, drop, and roll if your clothes catch fire: If your clothing catches fire, stop, don’t run. Drop to the ground. And roll over and over to smother the flames. Cool any burns with clean water only and call for help. Do not put anything on a burn other than clean water to cool it and a dressing, then see your doctor.

(Source : Prince Albert Fire Dept.)

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